a small G protein of the Rho family. Regulates a signal transduction pathway linking plasma membrane receptors to the assembly of focal adhesions and actin stress fibers. Controls the reorganization of actins into podosomes. Serves as a target for the yopT cysteine peptidase from Yersinia pestis, vector of the plague, and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis, which causes gastrointestinal disorders. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: G protein; G protein, monomeric (Rho); Motility/polarity/chemotaxis
Molecular Function: GTPase activity; protein binding; GDP binding; GTP binding
Biological Process: axon guidance; platelet activation; transformed cell apoptosis; apoptosis; positive regulation of apoptosis; cytokinesis; Rho protein signal transduction; negative regulation of cell cycle; regulation of small GTPase mediated signal transduction; protein transport; positive regulation of angiogenesis; GTP catabolic process; small GTPase mediated signal transduction; endosome to lysosome transport; angiogenesis; blood coagulation; cell adhesion
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.