Cadherins are calcium dependent cell adhesion proteins. They preferentially interact with themselves in a homophilic manner in connecting cells; cadherins may thus contribute to the sorting of heterogeneous cell types. Interacts with CDCP1. Expressed in some normal epithelial tissues and in some carcinoma cell lines. 2 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Cell adhesion; Membrane protein, integral; Motility/polarity/chemotaxis
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 16q22.1
Cellular Component: cell-cell adherens junction; cytoplasm; integral to membrane; plasma membrane
Molecular Function: calcium ion binding
Biological Process: response to drug; positive regulation of insulin-like growth factor receptor signaling pathway; intercellular junction assembly and maintenance; wound healing; positive regulation of melanin biosynthetic process; Wnt receptor signaling pathway through beta-catenin; retinal homeostasis; negative regulation of transforming growth factor-beta2 production; hair cycle process; cell-cell adhesion; negative regulation of catagen; positive regulation of monophenol monooxygenase activity; visual perception; keratinization; cell adhesion; homophilic cell adhesion
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.