Hydrolase that can remove conjugated ubiquitin from proteins and therefore plays an important regulatory role at the level of protein turnover by preventing degradation. Converts both 'Lys-48' an 'Lys-63'-linked ubiquitin chains. Catalytic activity is enhanced in the M phase. Involved in cell proliferation. Required to enter into S phase in response to serum stimulation. May regulate T-cell anergy mediated by RNF128 via the formation of a complex containing RNF128 and OTUB1. Probably regulates the stability of STAM2 and RASGRF1. Regulates endosomal ubiquitin dynamics, cargo sorting, membrane traffic at early endosomes, and maintenance of ESCRT-0 stability. The level of protein ubiquitination on endosomes is essential for maintaining the morphology of the organelle. Deubiquitinates EPS15 and controles tyrosine kinase stability. Removes conjugated ubiquitin from EGFR thus regulating EGFR degradation and downstream MAPK signaling. Involved in acrosome biogenesis through interaction with the spermatid ESCRT-0 complex and microtubules. Deubiquitinates BIRC6/bruce and KIF23/MKLP1. Forms a ternary complex with RNF128 and OTUB1. Interacts (via C-terminal UCH catalytic domain) with OTUB1 isoform 1. Interacts with STAM2 (via SH3 domain). Interacts with DNAJB3, EGFR, EPS15, RASGRF1, RNF41, YWHAE, YWHAG and YWHAZ. Interacts with NBR1, RASGRF1, RNF41 and IST1. Associates with the ESCRT-0 complex and with microtubules. Interacts with BIRC6/bruce and KIF23/MKLP1. Upon growth stimulation in starved human fibroblasts. Decreases in response to growth arrest induced by cell-cell contact. Belongs to the peptidase C19 family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Ubiquitin conjugating system; EC 18.104.22.168; Ubiquitin-specific protease; Protease
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 15q21.2
Cellular Component: extrinsic to plasma membrane; early endosome; cytoplasm; acrosome; endosome membrane; midbody; nucleus; cytosol
Biological Process: ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process; cell proliferation; protein deubiquitination; endosome organization and biogenesis; cytokinesis after mitosis; Ras protein signal transduction
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.