transcription factor of the STAT family. Phosphorylated and activated by receptor-associated kinases downstream of certain receptor tyrosine kinases, GPCRs, and receptors for various interleukins and interferons. Forms homo- or heterodimers that translocate into the nucleus where they regulate transcription. Two alternatively spliced isoforms have been described. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: DNA binding protein; Transcription factor
Molecular Function: identical protein binding; protein binding; signal transducer activity; protein homodimerization activity; enzyme binding; double-stranded DNA binding; calcium ion binding; transcription factor activity; tumor necrosis factor receptor binding; CCR5 chemokine receptor binding
Biological Process: transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; response to peptide hormone stimulus; response to cAMP; viral reproduction; blood circulation; apoptosis; positive regulation of smooth muscle cell proliferation; positive regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; regulation of apoptosis; response to exogenous dsRNA; tumor necrosis factor-mediated signaling pathway; positive regulation of mesenchymal cell proliferation; lipopolysaccharide-mediated signaling pathway; defense response to virus; response to nutrient; response to drug; cytokine and chemokine mediated signaling pathway; negative regulation of I-kappaB kinase/NF-kappaB cascade; JAK-STAT cascade; regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; negative regulation of angiogenesis; cellular response to insulin stimulus; response to hydrogen peroxide; response to mechanical stimulus; response to cytokine stimulus; negative regulation of endothelial cell proliferation; endothelial cell migration; positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter
Alt. Names/Synonyms: DKFZp686B04100; ISGF-3; signal transducer and activator of transcription 1, 91kDa; Signal transducer and activator of transcription 1-alpha/beta; signal transducer and activator of transcription-1; STAT1; STAT91; Transcription factor ISGF-3 components p91/p84
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.