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Protein Page:
RAC1 (human)
p Phosphorylation
a Acetylation
m Methylation
m1 Mono-methylation
m2 Di-methylation
m3 Tri-methylation
u Ubiquitination
s Sumoylation
n Neddylation
gl O-GlcNAc
ga O-GalNAc
h Palmitoylation
ad Adenylylation
sn S-Nitrosylation
ca Caspase cleavage

Overview
RAC1 a plasma membrane-associated member of the Rho-GTPase family. Plays a key role in cytoskeletal reorganization, membrane trafficking, transcriptional regulation and cell growth and development. GTP binding stimulates its activity. Phosphorylation by Akt may inhibit GTP binding of Rac1, therefore attenuating the downstream signal transduction pathway. Found in a trimeric complex composed of DOCK1 and ELMO1, which plays a central role in phagocytosis of apoptotic cells. Two alternatively spliced isoforms have been described. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: G protein, monomeric; G protein; Motility/polarity/chemotaxis; G protein, monomeric, Rho
Cellular Component: Golgi membrane; extrinsic to plasma membrane; membrane; lamellipodium; plasma membrane; melanosome; trans-Golgi network; cytosol; phagocytic cup
Molecular Function: GTPase activity; protein binding; enzyme binding; GTP binding; GTP-dependent protein binding; thioesterase binding; Rho GDP-dissociation inhibitor binding; protein kinase binding; Rab GTPase binding
Biological Process: axon guidance; viral reproduction; nerve growth factor receptor signaling pathway; positive regulation of apoptosis; cell-matrix adhesion; cell motility involved in cell locomotion; regulation of cell migration; localization within membrane; actin filament polymerization; small GTPase mediated signal transduction; response to wounding; cell adhesion; inflammatory response; bone resorption; regulation of hydrogen peroxide metabolic process; lamellipodium biogenesis; embryonic olfactory bulb interneuron precursor migration; platelet activation; intercellular junction assembly and maintenance; anatomical structure morphogenesis; Wnt receptor signaling pathway, planar cell polarity pathway; mast cell chemotaxis; dendrite morphogenesis; positive regulation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase activity; positive regulation of Rho protein signal transduction; engulfment of apoptotic cell; regulation of defense response to virus by virus; cell proliferation; hyperosmotic response; negative regulation of interleukin-23 production; positive regulation of actin filament polymerization; organization of an anatomical structure; auditory receptor cell morphogenesis; T cell costimulation; ruffle organization and biogenesis; innate immune response; cerebral cortex radially oriented cell migration; negative regulation of receptor-mediated endocytosis; positive regulation of protein amino acid phosphorylation; cell motility; actin cytoskeleton organization and biogenesis; blood coagulation; positive regulation of DNA replication
Reference #:  P63000 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: Cell migration-inducing gene 5 protein; MGC111543; MIG5; migration-inducing gene 5; p21-Rac1; RAC1; Ras-like protein TC25; Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1; ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1 (rho family, small GTP binding protein Rac1); rho family, small GTP binding protein Rac1; TC-25; TC25
Gene Symbols: RAC1
Molecular weight: 21,450 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 8.77  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
CST Pathways:  Actin Dynamics  |  Adherens Junction Dynamics  |  B Cell Receptor Signaling  |  ErbB/HER Signaling  |  Growth And Differentiation Control by MAPKs  |  Microtubule Dynamics  |  SAPK/JNK Signaling Cascades  |  T Cell Receptor Signaling  |  TGF-ß Signaling  |  Wnt/ß-Catenin Signaling
Protein-Specific Antibodies or siRNAs from Cell Signaling Technology® Total Proteins
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RAC1

Protein Structure Not Found.


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Sites Implicated In
cell adhesion, inhibited: Y64‑p
activity, inhibited: S71‑p
molecular association, regulation: Y64‑p

Modification Sites and Domains Show Modification Legend
Click here to view phosphorylation modifications only

Modification Sites in Parent Protein, Orthologs, and Isoforms Show Modification Legend
 

Show Multiple Sequence Alignment


 SS 

SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.


 MS 

MS: The number of records in which this modification site was assigned using ONLY proteomic discovery-mode mass spectrometry.


       human

► Hide Isoforms
 
1 0 Y32-ad TNAFPGEyIPTVFDN
1 30 Y64-p DTAGQEDyDRLRPLs
3 8 S71-p yDRLRPLsYPQTDVF
0 3 K96-u SFENVRAkWYPEVRH
1 0 T108-p VRHHCPNtPIILVGT
0 33 K116-u PIILVGTkLDLRDDk
0 6 K123-u kLDLRDDkDTIEKLK
0 14 K133-u IEKLKEKkLTPITYP
0 1 T135 KLKEKkLTPITYPQG
1 31 K147-u PQGLAMAkEIGAVkY
0 3 K153-u AkEIGAVkYLECSAL
0 6 T161-p YLECSALtQRGLktV
0 5 K166-u ALtQRGLktVFDEAI
0 12 T167-p LtQRGLktVFDEAIR
0 30 K183-u VLCPPPVkkRKRKCL
0 24 K184-u LCPPPVkkRKRKCLL
2461 : Phospho-Rac1/cdc42 (Ser71) Antibody
  RAC1 iso2  
Y32 TNAFPGEYIPTVFDN
Y64-p DTAGQEDyDRLRPLs
S71-p yDRLRPLsYPQTVGE
K115 SFENVRAKWYPEVRH
T127 VRHHCPNTPIILVGT
K135 PIILVGTKLDLRDDK
K142 KLDLRDDKDTIEKLK
K152 IEKLKEKKLTPITYP
T154 KLKEKKLTPITYPQG
K166 PQGLAMAKEIGAVKY
K172 AKEIGAVKYLECSAL
T180 YLECSALTQRGLKTV
K185 ALTQRGLKTVFDEAI
T186 LTQRGLKTVFDEAIR
K202 VLCPPPVKKRKRKCL
K203 LCPPPVKKRKRKCLL
  mouse

 
Y32 TNAFPGEYIPTVFDN
Y64 DTAGQEDYDRLRPLS
S71 YDRLRPLSYPQTDVF
K96-u SFENVRAkWYPEVRH
T108 VRHHCPNTPIILVGT
K116-u PIILVGTkLDLRDDk
K123-u kLDLRDDkDTIEKLK
K133-u IEKLKEKkLtPITYP
T135-p KLKEKkLtPITYPQG
K147-u PQGLAMAkEIGAVkY
K153-u AkEIGAVkYLECSAL
T161-p YLECSALtQRGLktV
K166-u ALtQRGLktVFDEAI
T167-p LtQRGLktVFDEAIR
K183-u VLCPPPVkkRKRKCL
K184-u LCPPPVkkRKRKCLL
2461 : Phospho-Rac1/cdc42 (Ser71) Antibody
  rat

 
Y32 TNAFPGEYIPTVFDN
Y64 DTAGQEDYDRLRPLS
S71 YDRLRPLSYPQTDVF
K96 SFENVRAKWYPEVRH
T108 VRHHCPNTPIILVGT
K116-u PIILVGTkLDLRDDk
K123-u kLDLRDDkDTIEKLK
K133 IEKLKEKKLTPITYP
T135 KLKEKKLTPITYPQG
K147-u PQGLAMAkEIGAVKY
K153 AkEIGAVKYLECSAL
T161-p YLECSALtQRGLKTV
K166 ALtQRGLKTVFDEAI
T167 LtQRGLKTVFDEAIR
K183-u VLCPPPVkkRKRKCL
K184-u LCPPPVkkRKRKCLL
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