May be involved in limb tendon and ligament development. Defects in SIX1 are the cause of deafness autosomal dominant type 23 (DFNA23). A form of non-syndromic deafness characterized by prelingual, bilateral, symmetric hearing loss with a conductive component present in some but not all patients. Defects in SIX1 are the cause of branchiootic syndrome type 3 (BOS3). BOS3 is a syndrome characterized by usually bilateral branchial cleft fistulas or cysts, sensorineural and/or conductive hearing loss, pre-auricular pits, and structural defects of the outer, middle or inner ear. Otic defects include malformed and hypoplastic pinnae, a narrowed external ear canal, bulbous internal auditory canal, stapes fixation, malformed and hypoplastic cochlea. Branchial and otic anomalies are as those seen in individuals with the branchiootorenal syndrome. However, renal anomalies are absent in branchiootic syndrome patients. Defects in SIX1 could be a cause of branchiootorenal syndrome (BOR). BOR is an autosomal dominant disorder manifested by various combinations of preauricular pits, branchial fistulae or cysts, lacrimal duct stenosis, hearing loss, structural defects of the outer, middle, or inner ear, and renal dysplasia. Associated defects include asthenic habitus, long narrow facies, constricted palate, deep overbite, and myopia. Hearing loss may be due to mondini type cochlear defect and stapes fixation. Penetrance of BOR syndrome is high, although expressivity can be extremely variable. Belongs to the SIX/Sine oculis homeobox family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Cell development/differentiation; Transcription factor; DNA binding protein