EGF stimulates the growth of various epidermal and epithelial tissues in vivo and in vitro and of some fibroblasts in cell culture. Magnesiotropic hormone that stimulates magnesium reabsorption in the renal distal convoluted tubule via engagement of EGFR and activation of the magnesium channel TRPM6. Defects in EGF are the cause of hypomagnesemia type 4 (HOMG4); also known as renal hypomagnesemia normocalciuric. HOMG4 is a disorder characterized by massive renal hypomagnesemia and normal levels of serum calcium and calcium excretion. Clinical features include seizures, mild-to mederate psychomotor retardation, and brisk tendon reflexes. 2 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Ligand, receptor tyrosine kinase; Hormone; Membrane protein, integral
Cellular Component: extracellular space; lysosomal membrane; extracellular region; plasma membrane; integral to membrane
Molecular Function: transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine kinase activator activity; protein binding; growth factor activity; calcium ion binding; epidermal growth factor receptor binding
Biological Process: epidermal growth factor receptor signaling pathway; negative regulation of epidermal growth factor receptor signaling pathway; platelet activation; peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylation; phosphoinositide-mediated signaling; transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine kinase activation (dimerization); fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling pathway; nerve growth factor receptor signaling pathway; positive regulation of mitosis; activation of MAPKK activity; positive regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; signal transduction; positive regulation of MAP kinase activity; platelet degranulation; branching morphogenesis of a tube; positive regulation of epidermal growth factor receptor activity; positive regulation of cell proliferation; innate immune response; negative regulation of secretion; angiogenesis; DNA replication; blood coagulation; positive regulation of phosphorylation; STAT protein nuclear translocation; positive regulation of granule cell precursor proliferation; positive regulation of DNA binding
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.