DNA and RNA-binding protein which regulates transcription and splicing. Involved in the regulation of CFTR splicing. It promotes CFTR exon 9 skipping by binding to the UG repeated motifs in the polymorphic region near the 3'-splice site of this exon. The resulting aberrant splicing is associated with pathological features typical of cystic fibrosis. May also be involved in microRNA biogenesis, apoptosis and cell division. Can repress HIV-1 transcription by binding to the HIV-1 long terminal repeat. Stabilizes the low molecular weight neurofilament (NFL) mRNA through a direct interaction with the 3' UTR. Homodimer. Binds specifically to pyrimidine-rich motifs of TAR DNA and to single stranded TG repeated sequences. Binds to RNA, specifically to UG repeated sequences with a minimun of six contiguous repeats. Interacts with ATNX2; the interaction is RNA-dependent. Ubiquitously expressed. In particular, expression is high in pancreas, placenta, lung, genital tract and spleen. 3 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: RNA binding protein
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 1p36.22
Cellular Component: nucleolus; nucleus
Molecular Function: identical protein binding; protein binding; mRNA 3'-UTR binding; RNA binding; double-stranded DNA binding; nucleotide binding; transcription factor activity
Biological Process: transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; cell death; regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; RNA splicing; mRNA processing
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.