Key calcium ion sensor involved in the Ca(2+)-triggered synaptic vesicle-plasma membrane fusion. Plays a role in the sarcolemma repair mechanism of both skeletal muscle and cardiomyocytes that permits rapid resealing of membranes disrupted by mechanical stress. Defects in DYSF are the cause of limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2B (LGMD2B). LGMD2B is an autosomal recessive degenerative myopathy characterized by weakness and atrophy starting in the proximal pelvifemoral muscles, with onset in the late teens or later, massive elevation of serum creatine kinase levels and slow progression. Scapular muscle involvement is minor and not present at onset. Upper limb girdle involvement follows some years after the onset in lower limbs. Defects in DYSF are the cause of Miyoshi muscular dystrophy type 1 (MMD1). MMD1 is a late-onset muscular dystrophy involving the distal lower limb musculature. It is characterized by weakness that initially affects the gastrocnemius muscle during early adulthood. Otherwise the phenotype overlaps with LGMD2B, especially in age at onset and creatine kinase elevation. Defects in DYSF are the cause of distal myopathy with anterior tibial onset (DMAT). Onset of the disorder is between 14 and 28 years of age and the anterior tibial muscles are the first muscle group to be involved. Inheritance is autosomal recessive. Belongs to the ferlin family. 15 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Vesicle protein; Calcium-binding protein; Membrane protein, integral
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 2p13.3
Cellular Component: cytoplasmic vesicle membrane; lamellipodium; endocytic vesicle; T-tubule; late endosome; early endosome; integral to membrane; plasma membrane; sarcolemma; endosome
Molecular Function: protein binding; calcium-dependent phospholipid binding; phospholipid binding; calcium ion binding
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.