an antiapoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family. Located at the outer mitochondrial membrane and regulates outer mitochondrial membrane channel (VDAC) opening. VDAC regulates mitochondrial membrane potential, and thus controls the production of reactive oxygen species and release of cytochrome C by mitochondria, both of which are potent inducers of cell apoptosis. Two alternatively spliced isoforms have been reported. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Mitochondrial; Membrane protein, integral; Autophagy; Apoptosis
Molecular Function: BH3 domain binding; identical protein binding; protein binding; protein heterodimerization activity; protein homodimerization activity; protein kinase binding
Biological Process: apoptosis; apoptotic mitochondrial changes; cell proliferation; cellular process regulating host cell cycle in response to virus; cytokinesis; DNA damage response, signal transduction resulting in induction of apoptosis; endocytosis; fertilization; germ cell development; growth; in utero embryonic development; innate immune response; male gonad development; mitotic cell cycle checkpoint; negative regulation of apoptosis; negative regulation of autophagy; negative regulation of neuron apoptosis; neuron apoptosis; ovarian follicle development; positive regulation of cell proliferation; programmed cell death; regulation of mitochondrial membrane permeability; regulation of mitochondrial membrane potential; release of cytochrome c from mitochondria; response to cycloheximide; response to cytokine stimulus; spermatogenesis; suppression by virus of host apoptosis
LTP: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.