Involved in gene transcription regulation. Acts as a transcriptional repressor in concert with the corepressor UXT to regulate androgen receptor (AR) transcription. May act as a tumor suppressor to repress AR-mediated gene transcription and to inhibit anchorage-independent growth in prostate cancer cells. Required for cell survival in ovarian cancer cells. Together with UXT, associates with chromatin to the NKX3-1 promoter region. Antagonizes transcriptional modulation via hepatitis B virus X protein. Homodimer. Component of the URI complex that contains PFDN2, POLR2E/RPB5, RUVBL2, RUVBL1 and URI1. Interacts with PPP1CC; the interaction is phosphorylation-dependent and occurs in a growth factor-dependent manner. Interacts with PFDN2, PFDN4 and STAP1; the interactions are phosphorylation-dependent and occurs in a growth-dependent manner in the mitochondrion. Interacts (via the middle C-terminus region) with GTF2F1 and GTF2F2. Interacts with DMAP1, POLR2E/RPB5 and UXT. Ubiquitous. Expressed in ovarian cancers. Expressed strongly in skeletal muscle. Expressed weakly in brain, heart, pancreas and in prostate epithelial cells. Belongs to the RNA polymerase II subunit 5-mediating protein family. 3 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Transcription, coactivator/corepressor