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Protein Page:
NRP1 (human)

Overview
NRP1 The membrane-bound isoform 1 is a receptor involved in the development of the cardiovascular system, in angiogenesis, in the formation of certain neuronal circuits and in organogenesis outside the nervous system. It mediates the chemorepulsant activity of semaphorins. It binds to semaphorin 3A, The PLGF-2 isoform of PGF, The VEGF-165 isoform of VEGF and VEGF-B. Coexpression with KDR results in increased VEGF-165 binding to KDR as well as increased chemotaxis. It may regulate VEGF-induced angiogenesis. Homodimer, and heterodimer with NRP2. Interacts with FER. Binds PLXNB1. The expression of isoforms 1 and 2 does not seem to overlap. Isoform 1 is expressed by the blood vessels of different tissues. In the developing embryo it is found predominantly in the nervous system. In adult tissues, it is highly expressed in heart and placenta; moderately in lung, liver, skeletal muscle, kidney and pancreas; and low in adult brain. Isoform 2 is found in liver hepatocytes, kidney distal and proximal tubules. Belongs to the neuropilin family. 2 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Membrane protein, integral; Receptor, misc.
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 10p12
Cellular Component: axon; cytoplasmic vesicle; cytosol; early endosome; extracellular space; focal adhesion; plasma membrane; receptor complex
Molecular Function: coreceptor activity; growth factor binding; protein binding; vascular endothelial growth factor receptor activity
Biological Process: angiogenesis; artery morphogenesis; axon extension involved in axon guidance; cell migration during sprouting angiogenesis; cell-cell signaling; hepatocyte growth factor receptor signaling pathway; nerve development; neuron migration; organ morphogenesis; patterning of blood vessels; platelet-derived growth factor receptor signaling pathway; positive chemotaxis; positive regulation of axon extension involved in axon guidance; positive regulation of endothelial cell proliferation; positive regulation of peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylation; positive regulation of smooth muscle cell migration; retinal ganglion cell axon guidance; signal transduction; sprouting angiogenesis; vascular endothelial growth factor receptor signaling pathway
Reference #:  O14786 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: BDCA4; CD304; DKFZp686A03134; DKFZp781F1414; neuropilin 1; Neuropilin-1; NP1; NRP; NRP1; transmembrane receptor; Vascular endothelial cell growth factor 165 receptor; VEGF165R
Gene Symbols: NRP1
Molecular weight: 103,134 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 5.58  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
Protein-Specific Antibodies or siRNAs from Cell Signaling Technology® Total Proteins
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NRP1

Protein Structure Not Found.
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