Serine/threonine kinase that phosphorylates Thr-18 of p53/TP53 and may thereby prevent the interaction between p53/TP53 and MDM2. Defects in VRK1 are the cause of pontocerebellar hypoplasia type 1 (PCH1); also called pontocerebellar hypoplasia with infantile spinal muscular atrophy or pontocerebellar hypoplasia with anterior horn cell disease. PCH1 is characterized by an abnormally small cerebellum and brainstem, central and peripheral motor dysfunction from birth, gliosis and anterior horn cell degeneration resembling infantile spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. CK1 Ser/Thr protein kinase family. VRK subfamily. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Protein kinase, CK1; Protein kinase, Ser/Thr (non-receptor); Kinase, protein; EC 22.214.171.124; CK1 group; VRK family
Molecular Function: ATP binding; histone serine kinase activity (H3-S10 specific); nucleosomal histone binding; protein binding; protein kinase activity; protein kinase binding; protein serine/threonine kinase activity
Biological Process: cell division; mitosis; mitotic nuclear envelope disassembly; mitotic nuclear envelope reassembly; protein amino acid autophosphorylation; protein amino acid phosphorylation; regulation of cell shape
LTP: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.