a nonreceptor tyrosine kinase of the Fak family. Predominantly expressed in the cells derived from hematopoietic lineages and in the central nervous system. Pyk2 is one of the signaling mediators for G-protein-coupled receptors. Involved in calcium induced regulation of ion channel and activation of the map kinase signaling pathway. Interacts with the SH2 domain of Grb2. May phosphorylate the voltage-gated potassium channel protein Kv1.2. Its activation is highly correlated with the stimulation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase activity. It plays an important role in cell motility such as spreading and migration. Two alternatively spliced isoforms have been described. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Protein kinase, TK; Protein kinase, tyrosine (non-receptor); Kinase, protein; EC 126.96.36.199; Nuclear receptor co-regulator; TK group; Fak family
Cellular Component: axon; cell cortex; cell soma; cytoplasm; cytoskeleton; cytosol; dendrite; extrinsic to internal side of plasma membrane; focal adhesion; growth cone; lamellipodium; lipid raft; N-methyl-D-aspartate selective glutamate receptor complex; nucleoplasm; nucleus; perinuclear region of cytoplasm; postsynaptic density
Molecular Function: 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase binding; ATP binding; calmodulin-dependent protein kinase activity; N-methyl-D-aspartate selective glutamate receptor activity; non-membrane spanning protein tyrosine kinase activity; protein binding; protein complex binding; protein-tyrosine kinase activity; receptor binding; signal transducer activity
Biological Process: activation of JAK protein; adaptive immune response; angiogenesis; apoptosis; blood vessel endothelial cell migration; bone resorption; cell surface receptor linked signal transduction; cellular defense response; elevation of cytosolic calcium ion concentration; epidermal growth factor receptor signaling pathway; focal adhesion formation; glial cell proliferation; innate immune response; integrin-mediated signaling pathway; ionotropic glutamate receptor signaling pathway; MAPKKK cascade; marginal zone B cell differentiation; negative regulation of apoptosis; negative regulation of bone mineralization; negative regulation of cell proliferation; negative regulation of myeloid cell differentiation; negative regulation of neuron apoptosis; negative regulation of potassium ion transport; neurite development; oocyte maturation; peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylation; positive regulation of actin filament polymerization; positive regulation of angiogenesis; positive regulation of cell growth; positive regulation of cell migration; positive regulation of cell proliferation; positive regulation of cell-matrix adhesion; positive regulation of JNK activity; positive regulation of JNK cascade; positive regulation of nitric oxide biosynthetic process; positive regulation of nitric-oxide synthase activity; positive regulation of peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylation; positive regulation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase activity; positive regulation of protein kinase activity; positive regulation of synaptic transmission, glutamatergic; positive regulation of translation; protein amino acid autophosphorylation; protein amino acid phosphorylation; protein complex assembly; regulation of calcium-mediated signaling; regulation of cell adhesion; regulation of cell shape; regulation of cGMP biosynthetic process; regulation of inositol trisphosphate biosynthetic process; regulation of release of sequestered calcium ion into cytosol; response to calcium ion; response to cAMP; response to cocaine; response to drug; response to ethanol; response to glucose stimulus; response to hormone stimulus; response to hydrogen peroxide; response to hypoxia; response to lithium ion; response to mechanical stimulus; response to osmotic stress; response to stress; signal complex assembly; signal transduction; sprouting angiogenesis; stress fiber formation; tumor necrosis factor-mediated signaling pathway; vascular endothelial growth factor receptor signaling pathway
LTP: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.