an AGC kinase of the RSK family that is required for cell growth and G1 cell cycle progression. Is phosphorylated and activated by mTOR in mitogenic pathways downstream of phosphoinositide 3 kinase (PI3K). Phosphorylates the S6 protein of the 40S ribosomal subunit and is involved in translational control of 5' oligopyrimidine tract mRNAs. Activity is controlled by multiple phosphorylation events located within the catalytic, linker and pseudosubstrate domains. Mouse knockout shows symptoms of insulin resistance, and increased insulin senstivity, resulting in protection against diet-induced obesity. Protein expression and activation upregulated in colon adenocarcinoma cell lines. Increased expression in breast cancer correlated with poor survival. Selectively amplified and overexpressed within the 17q23 breast cancer amplicon. Two isoforms produced by alternative initiation have been reported. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Translation; Kinase, protein; EC 126.96.36.199; Protein kinase, AGC; Protein kinase, Ser/Thr (non-receptor); AGC group; RSK family; p70 subfamily
Molecular Function: ATP binding; identical protein binding; PDZ domain binding; peptide binding; protein binding; protein kinase activity; protein phosphatase 2A binding; protein serine/threonine/tyrosine kinase activity; ribosomal protein S6 kinase activity
Biological Process: aging; apoptosis; behavioral fear response; cell migration; cellular response to insulin stimulus; G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycle; germ cell development; insulin receptor signaling pathway; long-term memory; negative regulation of apoptosis; negative regulation of insulin receptor signaling pathway; phosphoinositide-mediated signaling; positive regulation of mitotic cell cycle; positive regulation of skeletal muscle growth; positive regulation of smooth muscle cell migration; positive regulation of smooth muscle cell proliferation; positive regulation of translation; positive regulation of translational initiation; protein amino acid phosphorylation; protein kinase B signaling cascade; regulation of glucose import; response to drug; response to electrical stimulus involved in regulation of muscle adaptation; response to ethanol; response to glucagon stimulus; response to glucocorticoid stimulus; response to glucose stimulus; response to heat; response to leucine; response to lipopolysaccharide; response to mechanical stimulus; response to nutrient; response to testosterone stimulus; response to toxin; response to wounding; signal transduction; skeletal muscle atrophy; skeletal muscle contraction; TOR signaling pathway
LTP: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.