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Protein Page:
ERK1 (human)

Overview
ERK1 a serine/threonine kinase of the GMGC group that plays a critical role in the regulation of cell growth and differentiation. ERK1 (MAPK3) and ERK2 (MAPK1) play central roles in MAPK cascades and are activated by a wide variety of extracellular signals including growth and neurotrophic factors, cytokines, hormones and neurotransmitters. Depending on the cellular context, MAPK cascades mediate diverse biological functions such as cell growth, adhesion, survival and differentiation through the regulation of transcription, translation, cytoskeletal rearrangements. MAPK cascades also plays a role in initiation and regulation of meiosis, mitosis, and postmitotic functions in differentiated cells by phosphorylating a number of transcription factors. Activation of MAP kinases occurs through phosphorylation of threonine and tyrosine residues at the sequence T*EY* by upstream MAP kinase kinases, MEK1 and -2. Phosphorylation of both the threonine and tyrosine are required for activity. This phosphorylation causes dramatic conformational changes, which enable full activation and interaction of MAPK1/ERK2 with its substrates. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: CMGC group; EC 2.7.11.24; ERK subfamily; Kinase, protein; MAPK family; MAPK/ERK subfamily; Protein kinase, CMGC; Protein kinase, Ser/Thr (non-receptor)
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 16p11.2
Cellular Component: caveola; cytoskeleton; cytosol; early endosome; focal adhesion; Golgi apparatus; late endosome; microtubule cytoskeleton; mitochondrion; nuclear envelope; nucleoplasm; nucleus
Molecular Function: kinase activity; MAP kinase activity; phosphatase binding; protein binding; protein serine/threonine kinase activity
Biological Process: activation of MAPK activity; axon guidance; BMP signaling pathway; DNA damage induced protein phosphorylation; fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling pathway; MAPKKK cascade; phosphorylation; platelet activation; positive regulation of cyclase activity; positive regulation of histone acetylation; positive regulation of histone phosphorylation; positive regulation of protein amino acid phosphorylation; positive regulation of telomerase activity; positive regulation of telomere maintenance via telomerase; positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; protein amino acid phosphorylation; regulation of cytoskeleton organization and biogenesis; regulation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase cascade; regulation of stress-activated MAPK cascade; regulation of transcription factor activity; transcription initiation from RNA polymerase I promoter
Reference #:  P27361 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: ERK; ERK-1; ERK1; ERT2; Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1; extracellular signal-related kinase 1; HS44KDAP; HUMKER1A; Insulin-stimulated MAP2 kinase; MAP kinase 1; MAP kinase 3; MAP kinase isoform p44; MAPK 1; MAPK 3; MAPK3; MGC20180; Microtubule-associated protein 2 kinase; Mitogen-activated protein kinase 1; Mitogen-activated protein kinase 3; MK03; p44-ERK1; p44-MAPK; P44ERK1; P44MAPK; PRKM3
Gene Symbols: MAPK3
Molecular weight: 43,136 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 6.28  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
CST Pathways:  Angiogenesis  |  Apoptosis Regulation  |  B Cell Receptor Signaling  |  ErbB/HER Signaling  |  ESC Pluripotency and Differentiation  |  GPCR Signaling to MAPKs  |  Growth And Differentiation Control by MAPKs  |  IL6 Signaling  |  Inhibition of Apoptosis  |  Insulin Receptor Signaling  |  Microtubule Dynamics  |  Mitochondrial Control of Apoptosis  |  mTOR Signaling  |  T Cell Receptor Signaling  |  TGF-ß Signaling  |  Translation: eIF4E and p70S6K  |  Warburg Effect
Protein-Specific Antibodies or siRNAs from Cell Signaling Technology® Total Proteins
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ERK1

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