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Protein Page:
SLC7A5 (human)

Overview
SLC7A5 Sodium-independent, high-affinity transport of large neutral amino acids such as phenylalanine, tyrosine, leucine, arginine and tryptophan, when associated with SLC3A2/4F2hc. Involved in cellular amino acid uptake. Acts as an amino acid exchanger. Involved in the transport of L-DOPA across the blood- brain barrier, and that of thyroid hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) across the cell membrane in tissues such as placenta. Plays a role in neuronal cell proliferation (neurogenesis) in brain. Involved in the uptake of methylmercury (MeHg) when administered as the L-cysteine or D,L-homocysteine complexes, and hence plays a role in metal ion homeostasis and toxicity. Involved in the cellular activity of small molecular weight nitrosothiols, via the stereoselective transport of L- nitrosocysteine (L-CNSO) across the transmembrane. May play an important role in high-grade gliomas. Mediates blood-to-retina L- leucine transport across the inner blood-retinal barrier which in turn may play a key role in maintaining large neutral amino acids as well as neurotransmitters in the neural retina. Acts as the major transporter of tyrosine in fibroblasts. Disulfide-linked heterodimer with the amino acid transport protein SLC3A2/4F2hc. Expression induced in quiescent peripheral blood lymphocytes after treatment with phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) and phytohemagglutinin (PHA). Expression and the uptake of leucine is stimulated in mononuclear, cytotrophoblast-like choriocarcinoma cells by combined treatment with PMA and calcium ionophore. Expressed abundantly in adult lung, liver, brain, skeletal muscle, placenta, bone marrow, testis, resting lymphocytes and monocytes, and in fetal liver. Weaker expression in thymus, cornea, retina, peripheral leukocytes, spleen, kidney, colon and lymph node. During gestation, expression in the placenta was significantly stronger at full-term than at the mid-trimester stage. Also expressed in all human tumor cell lines tested and in the astrocytic process of primary astrocytic gliomas. Expressed in retinal endothelial cells and in the intestinal epithelial cell line Caco-2. Belongs to the amino acid-polyamine-organocation (APC) superfamily. L-type amino acid transporter (LAT) (TC 2.A.3.8) family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Membrane protein, integral; Membrane protein, multi-pass; Transporter; Transporter, SLC family
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 16q24.3
Cellular Component: cytoplasm; integral to plasma membrane; intracellular membrane-bound organelle; membrane; plasma membrane
Molecular Function: amino acid transmembrane transporter activity; antiporter activity; L-amino acid transmembrane transporter activity; neutral amino acid transmembrane transporter activity; peptide antigen binding
Biological Process: amino acid metabolic process; amino acid transport; leukocyte migration; neutral amino acid transport; transport
Reference #:  Q01650 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: 4F2 LC; 4F2 light chain; 4F2LC; CD98; CD98 light chain; CD98LC; D16S469E; E16; hLAT1; Integral membrane protein E16; L-type amino acid transporter 1; large neutral amino acids transporter 1; Large neutral amino acids transporter small subunit 1; LAT1; MPE16; SLC7A5; sodium-independent neutral amino acid transporter LAT1; solute carrier family 7 (cationic amino acid transporter, y+ system), member 5; Solute carrier family 7 member 5; y+ system cationic amino acid transporter
Gene Symbols: SLC7A5
Molecular weight: 55,010 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 7.9  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
Protein-Specific Antibodies or siRNAs from Cell Signaling Technology® Total Proteins
Select Structure to View Below

SLC7A5

Protein Structure Not Found.


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