Involved in the cellular defense against the biological effects of O6-methylguanine (O6-MeG) in DNA. Repairs alkylated guanine in DNA by stoichiometrically transferring the alkyl group at the O-6 position to a cysteine residue in the enzyme. This is a suicide reaction: the enzyme is irreversibly inactivated. Belongs to the MGMT family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: EC 18.104.22.168; Methyltransferase; Nuclear receptor co-regulator; Apoptosis; DNA repair, damage
Molecular Function: calcium ion binding; damaged DNA binding; DNA binding; DNA-methyltransferase activity; methylated-DNA-[protein]-cysteine S-methyltransferase activity; methyltransferase activity
Biological Process: DNA dealkylation; DNA ligation; DNA methylation; negative regulation of apoptosis; regulation of caspase activity; response to drug; response to ethanol; response to folic acid; response to toxin
LTP: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.