a protein kinase of the CAMK2 family. A prominent kinase in the central nervous system that may function in long-term potentiation and neurotransmitter release. Member of the NMDAR signaling complex in excitatory synapses that may regulate NMDAR-dependent potentiation of the AMPAR and synaptic plasticity. The holoenzyme is composed of four different chains: alpha, beta, gamma, and delta. The different chains assemble into homo- or heteromultimeric holoenzymes composed of 8 to 12 subunits. May interact with BAALC, MPDZ, SYN1 and synGAP. 2 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Protein kinase, CAMK; Kinase, protein; Protein kinase, Ser/Thr (non-receptor); EC 18.104.22.168; CAMK group; CAMK2 family
Molecular Function: ATP binding; calmodulin binding; calmodulin-dependent protein kinase activity; glutamate receptor binding; kinase activity; protein binding; protein homodimerization activity; protein serine/threonine kinase activity
Biological Process: activation of MAPKK activity; activation of NF-kappaB transcription factor; axon guidance; calcium ion transport; cytokine and chemokine mediated signaling pathway; epidermal growth factor receptor signaling pathway; fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling pathway; G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycle; innate immune response; insulin receptor signaling pathway; MAPKKK cascade; nerve growth factor receptor signaling pathway; peptidyl-serine phosphorylation; positive regulation of calcium ion transport; protein amino acid autophosphorylation; protein amino acid phosphorylation; Ras protein signal transduction; regulation of neuronal synaptic plasticity; regulation of neurotransmitter secretion; small GTPase mediated signal transduction; synaptic transmission; vascular endothelial growth factor receptor signaling pathway
Alt. Names/Synonyms: calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase (CaM kinase) II alpha; calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II alpha; calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II alpha-B subunit; calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase type II alpha chain; Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase type II subunit alpha; CaM kinase II alpha subunit; CaM kinase II subunit alpha; CaM-kinase II alpha chain; CaMK-II alpha subunit; CaMK-II subunit alpha; CAMK2A; CAMKA; CaMKII; CaMKIINalpha; KCC2A; KIAA0968
LTP: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.