HMG-I/Y bind preferentially to the minor groove of A+T rich regions in double stranded DNA. It is suggested that these proteins could function in nucleosome phasing and in the 3'-end processing of mRNA transcripts. They are also involved in the transcription regulation of genes containing, or in close proximity to A+T-rich regions. A chromosomal aberration involving HMGA1 is found in pulmonary chondroid hamartoma. Translocation t(6;14)(p21;q23-24) with RAD51B. Belongs to the HMGA family. 3 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Molecular Function: AT DNA binding; chromatin binding; DNA binding; enzyme binding; ligand-dependent nuclear receptor transcription coactivator activity; peroxisome proliferator activated receptor binding; protein binding; retinoic acid receptor binding; retinoid X receptor binding; transcription factor activity; transcription factor binding
Biological Process: negative regulation of cell proliferation; negative regulation of chromatin silencing; negative regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; nuclear transport; nucleosome disassembly; positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; positive regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; protein complex assembly; regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; response to virus
Alt. Names/Synonyms: high mobility group AT-hook 1; High mobility group AT-hook protein 1; High mobility group protein A1; High mobility group protein HMG-I/HMG-Y; High mobility group protein R; high-mobility group (nonhistone chromosomal) protein isoforms I and Y; HMG-I(Y); HMG-R; HMGA1; HMGA1A; HMGIY; MGC12816; MGC4242; MGC4854; nonhistone chromosomal high-mobility group protein HMG-I/HMG-Y