Receptor for retinoic acid. Retinoic acid receptors bind as heterodimers to their target response elements in response to their ligands, all-trans or 9-cis retinoic acid, and regulate gene expression in various biological processes. The RAR/RXR heterodimers bind to the retinoic acid response elements (RARE) composed of tandem 5'-AGGTCA-3' sites known as DR1-DR5. The high affinity ligand for RXRs is 9-cis retinoic acid. RXRA serves as a common heterodimeric partner for a number of nuclear receptors. The RXR/RAR heterodimers bind to the retinoic acid response elements (RARE) composed of tandem 5'-AGGTCA-3' sites known as DR1-DR5. In the absence of ligand, the RXR-RAR heterodimers associate with a multiprotein complex containing transcription corepressors that induce histone acetylation, chromatin condensation and transcriptional suppression. On ligand binding, the corepressors dissociate from the receptors and associate with the coactivators leading to transcriptional activation. The RXRA/PPARA heterodimer is required for PPARA transcriptional activity on fatty acid oxidation genes such as ACOX1 and the P450 system genes. Homodimer. Heterodimer with RARA; required for ligand- dependent retinoic acid receptor transcriptional activity. Heterodimer with PPARA (via the leucine-like zipper in the LBD); the interaction is required for PPARA transcriptional activity. Also heterodimerizes with PPARG. Interacts with NCOA3 and NCOA6 coactivators. Interacts with FAM120B. Interacts with PELP1, SENP6, SFPQ, DNTTIP2 and RNF8. Interacts (via the DNA binding domain) with HCV core protein; the interaction enhances the transcriptional activities of the RXRA/RARA and the RXRA/PPARA heterodimers. Interacts with PRMT2. Interacts with ASXL1 and NCOA1. Highly expressed in liver, also found in lung, kidney and heart. Belongs to the nuclear hormone receptor family. NR2 subfamily. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: DNA-binding; Motility/polarity/chemotaxis; Nuclear receptor
Molecular Function: DNA binding; enzyme binding; ligand-dependent nuclear receptor activity; protein binding; protein heterodimerization activity; retinoic acid receptor activity; sequence-specific DNA binding; transcription coactivator activity; transcription factor activity; vitamin D receptor binding
Biological Process: bile acid and bile salt transport; cellular lipid metabolic process; cholesterol metabolic process; negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; protein homotetramerization; response to retinoic acid; retinoic acid receptor signaling pathway; transcription initiation from RNA polymerase II promoter; virus-host interaction; vitamin metabolic process