a nuclear protein that may function as a transcriptional repressor. Strongly induced by gamma interferon and, to a lesser extent, by alpha interferon. Binds double-stranded DNA and cell cycle regulatory factors including p53 and Rb. Loss of IFI16 activates p53 checkpoint through NBS1-DNAPK pathway. Inhibits cell growth in the Ras/Raf signaling pathway. May be involved in the senescence of prostate epithelial cells. Expressed in peripheral blood leukocytes, fibroblasts and lymphoid cells. Present in myeloid precursors (CD34+) and throughout monocyte development, but its expression is down-regulated in erythroid and polymorphonuclear precursor cells. Present in prostate, ovary and breast. Four alternatively spliced isoforms have been described. Isoforms-1, -2 and -3 can homo- and hetero-dimerize. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Molecular Function: double-stranded DNA binding; protein binding; transcription factor binding
Biological Process: activation of innate immune response; cellular response to glucose starvation; defense response to virus; DNA damage response, signal transduction by p53 class mediator resulting in induction of apoptosis; monocyte differentiation; negative regulation of DNA binding; negative regulation of innate immune response; negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; negative regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; negative regulation of viral genome replication; positive regulation of cytokine production; positive regulation of interferon type I production; positive regulation of interleukin-1 beta production; positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; regulation of autophagy; regulation of gene expression, epigenetic