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Protein Page:
MRE11A (human)

MRE11A a nuclear protein involved in homologous recombination, telomere length maintenance, and DNA double-strand break repair. By itself, the protein has 3' to 5' exonuclease activity and endonuclease activity. The protein forms a complex with the RAD50 homolog; this complex is required for nonhomologous joining of DNA ends and possesses increased single-stranded DNA endonuclease and 3' to 5' exonuclease activities. In conjunction with a DNA ligase, this protein promotes the joining of noncomplementary ends in vitro using short homologies near the ends of the DNA fragments. Alternative splicing results in two different isoforms. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Cell cycle regulation; DNA repair, damage; DNA-binding; Deoxyribonuclease
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 11q21
Cellular Component: cell-cell adherens junction; chromosome, telomeric region; cytoplasm; cytosol; Mre11 complex; nuclear chromosome, telomeric region; nucleoplasm; nucleus; PML body
Molecular Function: 3'-5' exonuclease activity; ATP-dependent DNA helicase activity; DNA binding; double-stranded DNA binding; endodeoxyribonuclease activity; nuclease activity; protein binding; protein C-terminus binding; single-stranded DNA specific endodeoxyribonuclease activity
Biological Process: DNA double-strand break processing; DNA duplex unwinding; DNA recombination; DNA repair; DNA replication; DNA synthesis during DNA repair; double-strand break repair; double-strand break repair via homologous recombination; double-strand break repair via nonhomologous end joining; intra-S DNA damage checkpoint; meiotic recombination; negative regulation of apoptosis; negative regulation of DNA endoreduplication; positive regulation of interferon type I production; positive regulation of kinase activity; positive regulation of protein amino acid autophosphorylation; positive regulation of telomere maintenance; regulation of mitotic recombination; response to DNA damage stimulus; sister chromatid cohesion; strand displacement; telomere maintenance via telomerase; telomeric 3' overhang formation
Disease: Ataxia-telangiectasia-like Disorder 1
Reference #:  P49959 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: AT-like disease; ATLD; DNA recombination and repair protein; Double-strand break repair protein MRE11A; endo/exonuclease Mre11; HNGS1; Meiotic recombination 11 homolog 1; Meiotic recombination 11 homolog A; MRE11; MRE11 homolog 1; MRE11 homolog A; MRE11 meiotic recombination 11 homolog A (S. cerevisiae); MRE11A; MRE11B
Gene Symbols: MRE11A
Molecular weight: 80,593 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 5.61  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
CST Pathways:  G2/M DNA Damage Checkpoint
Protein-Specific Antibodies or siRNAs from Cell Signaling Technology® Total Proteins
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