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Protein Page:
CTNNA1 (human)

CTNNA1 Associates with the cytoplasmic domain of a variety of cadherins. The association of catenins to cadherins produces a complex which is linked to the actin filament network, and which seems to be of primary importance for cadherins cell-adhesion properties. Can associate with both E- and N-cadherins. Originally believed to be a stable component of E-cadherin/catenin adhesion complexes and to mediate the linkage of cadherins to the actin cytoskeleton at adherens junctions. In contrast, cortical actin was found to be much more dynamic than E-cadherin/catenin complexes and CTNNA1 was shown not to bind to F-actin when assembled in the complex suggesting a different linkage between actin and adherens junctions components. The homodimeric form may regulate actin filament assembly and inhibit actin branching by competing with the Arp2/3 complex for binding to actin filaments. May play a crucial role in cell differentiation. Monomer and homodimer; the monomer preferentially binds to CTNNB1 and the homodimer to actin. Binds MLLT4 and F-actin. Possible component of an E-cadherin/ catenin adhesion complex together with E-cadherin/CDH1 and beta-catenin/CTNNB1 or gamma- catenin/JUP; the complex is located to adherens junctions. The stable association of CTNNA1 is controversial as CTNNA1 was shown not to bind to F-actin when assembled in the complex. Alternatively, the CTNNA1-containing complex may be linked to F- actin by other proteins such as LIMA1. Interacts with ARHGAP21 and with AJUBA. Interacts with LIMA1. Expressed ubiquitously in normal tissues. Belongs to the vinculin/alpha-catenin family. 2 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Actin-binding; Motility/polarity/chemotaxis
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 5q31.2
Cellular Component: catenin complex; cell junction; cell-cell adherens junction; cytosol; focal adhesion; Golgi apparatus; intercellular junction; intracellular membrane-bound organelle; plasma membrane
Molecular Function: beta-catenin binding; cadherin binding; gamma-catenin binding; protein binding; vinculin binding
Biological Process: positive regulation of muscle cell differentiation
Disease: Macular Dystrophy, Patterned, 2
Reference #:  P35221 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: Alpha E-catenin; alpha-catenin; alpha-E-catenin; alphaE-catenin; Cadherin-associated protein; cadherin-associated protein,102kDa; CAP102; catenin (cadherin-associated protein), alpha 1, 102kDa; Catenin alpha-1; CTNA1; CTNNA1; FLJ36832; FLJ52416; Renal carcinoma antigen NY-REN-13
Gene Symbols: CTNNA1
Molecular weight: 100,071 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 5.95  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
CST Pathways:  Adherens Junction Dynamics  |  Wnt/ß-Catenin Signaling
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