Destroys radicals which are normally produced within the cells and which are toxic to biological systems. Homodimer; non-disulfide linked. Homodimerization may take place via the ditryptophan cross-link at Trp-33. The pathogenic variants ALS1 Arg-38, Arg-47, Arg-86 and Ala-94 interact with RNF19A, whereas wild-type protein does not. The pathogenic variants ALS1 Arg-86 and Ala-94 interact with MARCH5, whereas wild-type protein does not. Belongs to the Cu-Zn superoxide dismutase family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Oxidoreductase; Nuclear receptor co-regulator; EC 22.214.171.124; Mitochondrial; Apoptosis
Molecular Function: chaperone binding; copper ion binding; identical protein binding; protein binding; protein homodimerization activity; protein phosphatase 2B binding; Rac GTPase binding; superoxide dismutase activity; zinc ion binding
Biological Process: activation of MAPK activity; anterograde axon cargo transport; auditory receptor cell stereocilium organization and biogenesis; blood coagulation; cell aging; cellular iron ion homeostasis; embryo implantation; glutathione metabolic process; heart contraction; hydrogen peroxide biosynthetic process; locomotory behavior; muscle maintenance; myelin maintenance in the peripheral nervous system; myeloid cell homeostasis; negative regulation of cholesterol biosynthetic process; negative regulation of neuron apoptosis; neurofilament cytoskeleton organization and biogenesis; ovarian follicle development; placenta development; platelet activation; platelet degranulation; positive regulation of apoptosis; positive regulation of catalytic activity; positive regulation of cytokine production; positive regulation of superoxide release; regulation of blood pressure; regulation of GTPase activity; regulation of mitochondrial membrane potential; regulation of multicellular organism growth; regulation of organ growth; regulation of protein kinase activity; regulation of T cell differentiation in the thymus; relaxation of vascular smooth muscle; removal of superoxide radicals; response to amphetamine; response to antibiotic; response to axon injury; response to copper ion; response to drug; response to ethanol; response to heat; response to hydrogen peroxide; response to nutrient levels; response to organic substance; response to reactive oxygen species; response to superoxide; retinal homeostasis; retrograde axon cargo transport; sensory perception of sound; spermatogenesis; superoxide metabolic process; superoxide release; thymus development; transmission of nerve impulse
LTP: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.