TGF alpha is a mitogenic polypeptide that is able to bind to the EGF receptor/EGFR and to act synergistically with TGF beta to promote anchorage-independent cell proliferation in soft agar. Interacts with the PDZ domains of MAGI3, SDCBP and SNTA1. The interaction with SDCBP, is required for the targeting to the cell surface. In the endoplasmic reticulum, in its immature form (i.e. with a prosegment and lacking full N-glycosylation), interacts with CNIH. In the Golgi apparatus, may form a complex with CNIH and GORASP2. Interacts (via cytoplasmic C-terminal domain) with NKD2. Isoform 1, isoform 3 and isoform 4 are expressed in keratinocytes and tumor-derived cell lines. 5 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Biological Process: activation of MAPK activity; cell proliferation; COPII coating of Golgi vesicle; ER to Golgi vesicle-mediated transport; positive regulation of epidermal growth factor receptor activity; positive regulation of epithelial cell proliferation; positive regulation of mitosis; regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter