Required for DNA recombination, repair and replication. The activity of RP-A is mediated by single-stranded DNA binding and protein interactions. Required for the efficient recruitment of the DNA double-strand break repair factor RAD51 to chromatin in response to DNA damage. Heterotrimer of 70, 32 and 14 kDa chains (canonical replication protein A complex). Component of the alternative replication protein A complex (aRPA) composed of RPA1, RPA3 and RPA4. The DNA-binding activity may reside exclusively on the 70 kDa subunit. Binds to SERTAD3/RBT1. Interacts with TIPIN. Directly interacts with PPP4R2, but not with SMEK2; this interaction is DNA damage-dependent and leads RPA2 dephosphorylation by PPP4C recruitment. Interacts with RAD51, preferentially when hyperphosphorylated. Directly interacts with RFWD3. 3 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Alt. Names/Synonyms: REPA2; Replication factor A protein 2; Replication protein A 32 kDa subunit; Replication protein A 34 kDa subunit; replication protein A2, 32kDa; RF-A protein 2; RFA2; RP-A p32; RP-A p34; RPA2; RPA32; RPA34