a cytoskeletal protein that that is involved in coordinating actin reorganization during cell movement. Localizes at the leading edge of lamellipodia during cell migration. Its amino-terminal acidic domain associates with the Arp2/3 and WASP complex at F-actin branches. The central region of the protein contains six repeats of 37 amino acids that are important in F-actin binding and cross-linking. The carboxy-terminus contains a proline-rich region and an SH3 domain that can interact with numerous scaffolding proteins, such as CortBP1 and Shank3. Cortactin may play a role in the organization of transmembrane receptors at postsynaptic densities (PSD) and tight junctions by linking scaffolding proteins to the actin network. It is degraded in a caspase-dependent manner during apoptosis. It is overexpressed in numerous cancers with poor patient prognosis. It may contribute to tumor cell invasion and metastasis. Two splice variant isoforms have been identified. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Actin-binding; Cytoskeletal; Motility/polarity/chemotaxis