a cGMP-binding, cGMP-specific phosphodiesterase, a member of the cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase family. This phosphodiesterase specifically hydrolyzes cGMP to 5'-GMP. It is involved in the regulation of intracellular concentrations of cyclic nucleotides and is important for smooth muscle relaxation in the cardiovascular system. Phosphorylation is regulated by binding of cGMP to the two allosteric sites. Sildenafil (Viagra) is a highly selective and potent inhibitor of PDE5A. Alternative splicing results in four transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: EC 18.104.22.168; Nucleotide Metabolism - purine; Phosphodiesterase