In the presence of an appropriate stimulus, accelerates programmed cell death by binding to, and antagonizing the anti- apoptotic action of BCL2 or its adenovirus homolog E1B 19k protein. Low micromolar levels of zinc ions inhibit the promotion of apoptosis. Interacts with BCL2A1. Homodimer. Formation of the homodimer is zinc-dependent. Forms heterodimers with BCL2, E1B 19k protein, and BCL2L1 isoform Bcl-X(L). Interacts with myxoma virus protein M11L. Expressed in a wide variety of tissues, with highest levels in the heart and skeletal muscle. Belongs to the Bcl-2 family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Mitochondrial; Membrane protein, integral; Apoptosis; Endoplasmic reticulum
Cellular Component: cytosol; endoplasmic reticulum; integral to mitochondrial outer membrane; mitochondrial outer membrane; mitochondrion; pore complex
Molecular Function: BH domain binding; chaperone binding; heat shock protein binding; identical protein binding; metal ion binding; protein binding; protein heterodimerization activity; protein homodimerization activity
Biological Process: aging; apoptosis; B cell apoptosis; B cell homeostasis; B cell negative selection; blood vessel remodeling; brain development; caspase activation via cytochrome c; cell proliferation; cytolysis; DNA damage response, signal transduction resulting in induction of apoptosis; endocrine pancreas development; endoplasmic reticulum calcium ion homeostasis; establishment and/or maintenance of transmembrane electrochemical gradient; limb morphogenesis; mitochondrial fusion; myeloid cell homeostasis; negative regulation of cell proliferation; negative regulation of peptidyl-serine phosphorylation; organ regeneration; positive regulation of apoptosis; positive regulation of proteolysis; post-embryonic camera-type eye morphogenesis; programmed cell death; reduction of endoplasmic reticulum calcium ion concentration; regulation of cell cycle; regulation of mitochondrial membrane permeability; regulation of mitochondrial membrane potential; regulation of protein heterodimerization activity; regulation of protein homodimerization activity; release of cytochrome c from mitochondria; response to drug; response to ethanol; response to fungus; response to gamma radiation; response to hydrogen peroxide; response to mycotoxin; response to organic cyclic substance; response to UV-C; unfolded protein response, activation of signaling protein activity; vagina development
LTP: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.