Curated Information
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Curated Information Page
PubMed Id: 17470458 
This page summarizes selected information from the article referenced above and curated into PhosphoSitePlus®, a comprehensive online resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (NAR, 2012,40:D261-70). To learn more about the scope of PhosphoSitePlus®, click here.
Palazzolo I, et al. (2007) Akt blocks ligand binding and protects against expanded polyglutamine androgen receptor toxicity. Hum Mol Genet 16, 1593-603 17470458
Only sites from this record are displayed on this page. Click on the protein name to open the protein page, and on the RSD number to open the site page. For the complete dataset, click the download button, on the right.
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S473-p - Akt1 (human)
Orthologous residues
Akt1 (human): S473‑p, Akt1 (mouse): S473‑p, Akt1 (rat): S473‑p, Akt1 (fruit fly): S586‑p, Akt1 (cow): S473‑p
Characterization
 Methods used to characterize site in vivo phospho-antibody, western blotting
 Relevant cell lines - cell types - tissues:  293 (epithelial)
 Cellular systems studied:  cell lines
 Species studied:  human
Upstream Regulation
 Treatments, proteins and their effect on site modification: 
Treatments Referenced Treatments Manipulated Protein Referenced Protein Effect Notes
IGF-1 increase
PD98059 IGF-1 no change compared to control
LY294002 IGF-1 inhibit treatment-induced increase
rapamycin IGF-1 inhibit treatment-induced increase

S213-p - AR (human)
Orthologous residues
AR (human): S213‑p, AR (mouse): T208‑p, AR (rat): T211‑p
Characterization
 Methods used to characterize site in vivo mutation of modification site, phospho-antibody, western blotting
 Relevant cell lines - cell types - tissues:  293 (epithelial), 293T (epithelial), COS (fibroblast)
 Cellular systems studied:  cell lines
 Species studied:  human, monkey
Upstream Regulation
 Potential in vivo enzymes for site: 
Type Enzyme Evidence Notes
KINASE Akt1 (human) phospho-antibody, co-immunoprecipitation, modification site within consensus motif, transfection of constitutively active enzyme
 Treatments, proteins and their effect on site modification: 
Treatments Referenced Treatments Manipulated Protein Referenced Protein Effect Notes
LY294002 PIK3C2A (human) decrease
Downstream Regulation
 Effect of modification (function):  intracellular localization
 Effect of modification (process):  apoptosis, inhibited, transcription, altered
 Comments:  Mutation reduces transport to the nucleus. S213A and S791A mutations reduce binding to androgen.

S791-p - AR (human)
Orthologous residues
AR (human): S791‑p, AR (mouse): S771‑p, AR (rat): S774‑p
Characterization
 Methods used to characterize site in vivo mutation of modification site, phospho-antibody, western blotting
 Relevant cell lines - cell types - tissues:  293 (epithelial), 293T (epithelial), COS (fibroblast)
 Cellular systems studied:  cell lines
 Species studied:  human, monkey
Upstream Regulation
 Potential in vivo enzymes for site: 
Type Enzyme Evidence Notes
KINASE Akt1 (human) phospho-antibody, co-immunoprecipitation, modification site within consensus motif, transfection of constitutively active enzyme
 Treatments, proteins and their effect on site modification: 
Treatments Referenced Treatments Manipulated Protein Referenced Protein Effect Notes
LY294002 PIK3C2A (human) decrease
Downstream Regulation
 Effect of modification (function):  intracellular localization
 Effect of modification (process):  apoptosis, inhibited, transcription, altered
 Comments:  Mutation reduces transport to the nucleus. S213A and S791A mutations reduce binding to androgen.

T202-p - ERK1 (human)
Orthologous residues
ERK1 (human): T202‑p, ERK1 (mouse): T203‑p, ERK1 (rat): T203‑p, ERK1 (hamster): T192‑p
Characterization
 Methods used to characterize site in vivo phospho-antibody, western blotting
 Relevant cell lines - cell types - tissues:  293 (epithelial)
 Cellular systems studied:  cell lines
 Species studied:  human
Upstream Regulation
 Treatments, proteins and their effect on site modification: 
Treatments Referenced Treatments Manipulated Protein Referenced Protein Effect Notes
IGF-1 increase
PD98059 IGF-1 inhibit treatment-induced increase

Y204-p - ERK1 (human)
Orthologous residues
ERK1 (human): Y204‑p, ERK1 (mouse): Y205‑p, ERK1 (rat): Y205‑p, ERK1 (hamster): Y194‑p
Characterization
 Methods used to characterize site in vivo phospho-antibody, western blotting
 Relevant cell lines - cell types - tissues:  293 (epithelial)
 Cellular systems studied:  cell lines
 Species studied:  human
Upstream Regulation
 Treatments, proteins and their effect on site modification: 
Treatments Referenced Treatments Manipulated Protein Referenced Protein Effect Notes
IGF-1 increase
PD98059 IGF-1 inhibit treatment-induced increase

T185-p - ERK2 (human)
Orthologous residues
ERK2 (human): T185‑p, ERK2 (mouse): T183‑p, ERK2 (rat): T183‑p, ERK2 (chicken): T193‑p
Characterization
 Methods used to characterize site in vivo phospho-antibody, western blotting
 Relevant cell lines - cell types - tissues:  293 (epithelial)
 Cellular systems studied:  cell lines
 Species studied:  human
Upstream Regulation
 Treatments, proteins and their effect on site modification: 
Treatments Referenced Treatments Manipulated Protein Referenced Protein Effect Notes
IGF-1 increase
PD98059 IGF-1 inhibit treatment-induced increase

Y187-p - ERK2 (human)
Orthologous residues
ERK2 (human): Y187‑p, ERK2 (mouse): Y185‑p, ERK2 (rat): Y185‑p, ERK2 (chicken): Y195‑p
Characterization
 Methods used to characterize site in vivo phospho-antibody, western blotting
 Relevant cell lines - cell types - tissues:  293 (epithelial)
 Cellular systems studied:  cell lines
 Species studied:  human
Upstream Regulation
 Treatments, proteins and their effect on site modification: 
Treatments Referenced Treatments Manipulated Protein Referenced Protein Effect Notes
IGF-1 increase
PD98059 IGF-1 inhibit treatment-induced increase

S9-p - GSK3B (human)
Orthologous residues
GSK3B (human): S9‑p, GSK3B iso2 (human): S9‑p, GSK3B (mouse): S9‑p, GSK3B (rat): S9‑p, GSK3B (rabbit): S3‑p
Characterization
 Methods used to characterize site in vivo phospho-antibody, western blotting
 Relevant cell lines - cell types - tissues:  293 (epithelial)
 Cellular systems studied:  cell lines
 Species studied:  human

T412-p - p70S6K (human)
Orthologous residues
p70S6K (human): T412‑p, p70S6K iso2 (human): T389‑p, p70S6K (mouse): T412‑p, p70S6K (rat): T412‑p, p70S6K iso2 (rat): T389‑p, p70S6K (fruit fly): T398‑p
Characterization
 Methods used to characterize site in vivo phospho-antibody, western blotting
 Relevant cell lines - cell types - tissues:  293 (epithelial)
 Cellular systems studied:  cell lines
 Species studied:  human
Upstream Regulation
 Treatments, proteins and their effect on site modification: 
Treatments Referenced Treatments Manipulated Protein Referenced Protein Effect Notes
IGF-1 no change compared to control
rapamycin decrease


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